umount/ls panic

Thomas E. Spanjaard tgen at
Sun Oct 21 08:52:30 PDT 2007

Nicolas Thery wrote:
2007/10/4, Petr Janda <elekktretterr at>:

Hi Matt and the rest,
I just discovered a new bug. What happened is this:
ad3s2 is mount on /mnt/windows

i mounted fat32 fs (ad3s3) over /mnt/windows

cd /mnt/windows, then force umount of /mnt/windows. if you dont get a panic
yet, try ls the directory you are in (mnt windows) and get this panic:

This bug is not related to fat32.  It can for example be reproduced with /proc:

cd /proc
umount -f /proc
ls (or any external command)
It can also be reproduced w/o force unmount:

sleep 30 &
cd /proc/$!
... wait for 30s or kill the sleep process ...
ls (or any external command)
When forking ls, fdcopy() calls vref() on fd_cdir but the latter was
inactivated earlier during unmounting (vflush()).  This triggers the
assertion in vref().
I don't know how to fix this.  As an experiment, I tried setting
fd_cdir to NULL if VINACTIVE is set but this triggers a crash at
boot-time.  Maybe the assertion should be relaxed, for this case only,
KKASSERT(vp->v_sysref.refcnt > 0 && (vp->v_flag & VFREE) == 0);

Any advice?
Ideally, the umount shouldn't be able to succeed because it's still open 
as CWD for someone.

        Thomas E. Spanjaard
        tgen at
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