git: kernel - Increase KVM default for 32-bit systems from 1GB to 1.5GB
dillon at crater.dragonflybsd.org
Thu Jun 13 13:40:50 PDT 2013
Author: Matthew Dillon <dillon at apollo.backplane.com>
Date: Thu Jun 13 13:23:38 2013 -0700
kernel - Increase KVM default for 32-bit systems from 1GB to 1.5GB
* Increases KVA_PAGES default from 256 to 384, giving the kernel 1.5GB
of KVM and userland 2.5GB (instead of 1/3).
Numerous people running 32-bit systems are hitting resource limits and
actually running out of KVM. There are many reasons for why this is
happening. It isn't simply a resource-tuning issue because most of the
resource limits we have today are already quite reasonable. It's when
the system combines to fully utilize multiple resources where the problems
begin. Tuning-down the resources impacts performance too much and makes
the systems less usable. PCI resources tend to reserve larger areas,
system structures are fatter, and many other issues crop up.
In addition, 32-bit systems today can be greatly extended by adding swapcache
and swapcache requires significantly KVM resources. For example, adding
64GB of swapcache eats ~64MB of ram and heavy tmpfs use often requires an
even higher ratio (64GB swap w/ kern.maxswzone=128m in /boot/loader.conf).
With the price point for SSDs coming down, 256GB and larger SSDs are far
more common these days and we want even 32-bit systems to be able to make
use of them.
On a fresh system boot well over 512MB of KVM out of the (previous) 1GB
space is already accounted for. This leaves precious little for dynamic
expansion of system structures.
This leaves us with one real option... increase KVM and decrease UVM.
By increasing KVM from 1GB to 1.5GB we nearly double the KVM available to
the kernel for dynamic expansion of system structures. User virtual memory
is reduced from 3GB down to 2.5GB. While this may impact some applications
such as Perl, those applications are already tending to run on the edge
anyway and, in fact, modern application development is starting to assume
64-bit address spaces for optimal operation anyway.
I've come to the conclusion that it is better to move the line on UVM down
in order to completely solve the KVM issue for system resources on 32-bit
Summary of changes:
sys/platform/pc32/include/pmap.h | 17 ++++++++++++++++-
1 file changed, 16 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
DragonFly BSD source repository
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